Wildlife conservation is defined as the practice of protecting the wild plants, animals, and their habitat. Many natural habitats are at risk of extinction because of the increase in human population. The widlife service can be used in exterminating certain pests and diseases that may adversely affect the environment.
Man has found it ideal to cut down the forests to find land to cultivate and build their homes. By so doing they have had to kill or drive away some wildlife. In this article, we look at some of the economic benefits of wildlife conservation.
Creates Employment Opportunities
Conserving wildlife also helps us in creating employment opportunities. Wildlife conservation provides cultural, social, and economic benefits. Some of the illegal activities that take place in a conserved natural habitat include logging, bushmeat industry, charcoal trade, and the poaching industry.
However, these activities only get to benefit a few individuals since they are not taxed. Wildlife conservation creates employment and business opportunities in the given area. Game wardens are trained to treat and take care of the wild animals. Secondly, tourists will always be attracted to regions that have conserved their wildlife. Tourism creates immense employment opportunities in the area.
Protection of Biodiversity
One of the economic benefits of wildlife conservation is that it helps in the protection of the biodiversity. Nature has been made in such a way that different organisms directly or indirectly depend on the others for survival.
When we fail to take care of our wildlife, it means that it might lead to an imbalance in our ecosystem. The imbalance in our ecosystem might lead to dire consequences.
We need to conserve wildlife so that we sustain different agrarian activities. It is essential to note that human beings farm to get food to feed the population. One of the most critical components of farming is water. We need to preserve wildlife since it will help us in protecting the water catchment areas.
Crop diversity is one of the ways of ensuring that we secure our food security because when we grow different types of crops in our garden, we reduce their vulnerability to various diseases. When the water catchment areas are protected, it means that we will be able to farm with ease and get a bumper harvest.
Public health helps us in protecting the human health. It has been established that most of the modern medicines come from the wild plants and animals. It is thus essential to preserve such plants and animals in their habitats so that our future generations will equally enjoy from the natural resources.
Traditionally, a concussion of certain roots and leaves were used to treat different diseases. Protecting the forests also helps us in breathing fresh air which helps us in regulating the climate change and prevents water and air pollution.